Tag Archives: Fuel Spills

Breach of BC Parks Act ?

It appears that Sunshine Village may have substantively breached the BC Parks Act.  If so, should there be a legal consequence?

In follow-up to the operation of commercial snow-cat tours beyond the Sunshine Village ski area boundary this past season, Sunshine Village Watch has obtained a copy of the BC Park Use Permit for Sunshine Village.  A review of the Permit for Mt. Assiniboine Provincial Park indicates no apparent authorization for commercial snow-cat tours in the Park which is also part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

According to the permit, Sunshine Village winter operations are permitted in accordance with the following permit provision:

Winter Season Permit Area
Those portions of Sunshine Village Ski Area falling within the boundaries of Mount
Assiniboine Park, including the right of way containing the Continental Divide quad
chairlift and portions of the Boundary Bowl, the Green Run, South Divide and Lower
Divide ski runs. It includes 10 kilometres of undefined cross-country trail east of Rock
Lake and north of Larix Lake and a groomed track circumnavigating the slopes of
Standish Hump. The permit area includes approximately 40 hectares. It also includes a
20 meter wide water line right of way departing north from Rock Isle Lake following the
west side of the Rock Isle Lake trail to the Park Boundary.

The permit is very specific about limited activities beyond the ski area boundaries in the area where the snow-cat tours occurred.  The “cross-country” area may only be used on a non-commercial basis for team training.  The groomed track circumnavigating Standish is for search and rescue only.

Cross-Country Trails and SAR Trail
a) The Permittee may track set up to 10 kilometers of cross-country ski trails in the
meadows east of Rock Isle Lake and north of Larix Lake, for the exclusive
training use of cross-country teams. Park Use Permit fees charged for the use of
these trails are reduced as they are supplied as a non-profit service. The trails
may not be used commercially by the Permittee;
The Permittee may set a track around the perimeter of Standish Hump for the
purpose of Search and Rescue Operations.

The permit was only recently renewed for a period of 30 years and is dated December 2010, therefore it is reasonable to assume that the provisions of the permit must have been well known to Sunshine Village when the snow cat tours were being operated only a few months later.  Regardless, a brief review of the permit would have been prudent and would have also confirmed that nothing in the permit authorized such an activity by Sunshine Village.

There appears to be nothing in the permit that could be reasonably interpreted to allow commercial snow-cat operations and bonfires on the shores of Rock Isle Lake.  During the Easter 2011 holiday period, Sunshine Village conducted snow-cat tours to Rock Isle Lake. Rock Isle Lake is well beyond the Sunshine Village boundary and well outside the designated commercial operations area.  It is adjacent to the world-renown pristine Sunshine Meadows in Mount Assiniboine Provincial Park.  It is also questionable that these tours occurred with adequate emergency planning and response capability for personal injury or environmental issues such as a fluid spill.

Mount Assiniboine Provincial Park is part of the Canadian Rocky Mountain UNESCO World Heritage Site.   To be included on the World Heritage List, sites must be of “outstanding universal value” and meet at least one out of the ten selection criteria.  The UNESCO World Heritage Convention details the purpose for designating such sites and areas and the duty to protect and conserve them.

The BC Parks Act states as follows:

Occupancy and use of land restricted

16  Except as may be authorized by a valid and subsisting park use permit or resource use permit, a person must not do any of the following:

(a) use or occupy land in a park, conservancy or recreation area for a log storage area, mill site, road, right of way, disposal area for tailings or waste or any other industrial purpose;….

(e) establish or carry on any work or improvement or any commercial or industrial activity or enterprise in a park, conservancy or recreation area.

Where such activities occur without authorization or permit, the Act contains provision for legal sanctions as follows:

Offences and penalties

28  (1) A person who contravenes any provision of this Act commits an offence and is liable to a fine of up to $1 000 000 or a term of imprisonment of not more than one year or both.


(3) When a contravention of the Act or regulations continues for more than one day, the person is guilty of a separate offence for each day on which the contravention continues.


(5) The time limit for laying an information for an offence under this Act is

(a) 3 years after the date that the facts on which the information is based arose, or

(b) if the minister issues a certificate described in subsection (6), 18 months after the date that the facts on which the information is based first came to the knowledge of the minister.

(6) A certificate purporting to have been issued by the minister, certifying the date that the facts on which the information is based first came to the knowledge of the minister,

(a) is admissible without proof of the signature or official character of the person appearing to have signed the certificate, and

(b) is proof of the certified matters.

BC Parks is administered by the BC Ministry of the Environment.  The Minister responsible for BC Parks is the Honourable Terry Lake.

The Ministry of Environment’s contact information is:

Telephone: 250 387-1161
Fax: 250 387-5669
E-mail: www.envmail@gov.bc.ca

Minister’s Office

Honourable Terry Lake
Telephone: 250 387-1187
Fax: 250 387-1356
E-mail: env.minister@gov.bc.ca

A copy of the full BC Park Use Permit for Sunshine Village is available here

Snow-Cat Tours to Rock Isle Lake

Update: April 27, 2011 – BC Parks states that a permit has not been issued for this type of activity.

Sunshine Village is again operating snow-cat tours to Rock Isle Lake in Mt. Assiniboine Provincial Park, British Columbia.  A large tracked snowcat with passenger box is being used to transport Sunshine Village guests from the Village area out beyond the Sunshine Village lease and across the park boundary to the shores of the pristine alpine lake adjacent to the world-famous Sunshine Meadows.  On arrival at Rock Isle Lake the Sunshine staff are reportedly lighting a fire in a burn pan for the guests.  These commercial tours were operated as recently as Easter weekend 2011

Rock Isle Lake Either Sunshine Village is conducting this commercial venture without a proper permit, or BC Parks has allowed a new permit in contravention of the 2006 Draft Management Plan and the stated submissions of major environmental groups.  Either way Sunshine Village Watch wants to find out why these commercial snowcat tours are being allowed into one of Canada’s premier provincial parks.  We also want to know what contingency plans for fuel spills are in place (it’s not uncommon for snowcats to break hydraulic hoses or leak fluids)  and if an environmental impact assessment and public consulatation process has been properly carried out.

Rock Isle Lake The draft 2006 BC Parks Management Plan for Mt. Assiniboine Provincial Park states as follows:

The management vision for the future of Mount Assiniboine Provincial Park is to see that it continues to stand as an international symbol of the pristine scenic grandeur of the British Columbia wilderness and the heritage of recreational enjoyment it offers.

The draft management plan identifies the Sunshine Meadows as among the largest alpine meadows in the Canadian Rockies and their feature significance is enhanced by the presence of several adjacent water features including Rock Isle Lake.

Key elements of the draft management plan includes prohibiting all forms of motorized access into the park except for management purposes and as provided for in the management plan .  This exception includes helicopter access and Sunshine Village access to water supply and downhill ski facilities as currently approved.  The downhill ski facility referred to is the Continental Divide Chairlift.  The water access is to maintain a pump facility and buried pipeline from Rock Isle Lake to Sunshine Village.

Notably there is no mention of allowing commercial snowcat tours to Rock Isle Lake or of lighting fires at that location.

The Sunshine Village Resort adjacent to the north park boundary holds a water license on Rock Isle Lake and has downhill ski facilities (a lift and runs) and a water supply system, all of which predate park designation in 1973.

As part of the draft plan development the Federation of BC Naturalists submitted that there “should be no exception for Sunshine Village permit areas regarding motorized access” and that BC Parks should “keep ATVs, ORVs, motorcycles and snowmobiles OUT”.

The BC Wildlife Federation indicated support for the draft management plan, especially in regard to keeping Sunshine Village operations under existing permit only with “no increase and review of permits”. The BC Wildlife Federation bills itself as BC’s original, largest and oldest conservation organization with 38,000 current members.

BC Parks has responded to these subnissons that the use of mechanized access by Sunshine Village to service its water supply facilities and downhill ski area is a legitimate exception as both tenures pre-existed the park’s establishment in 1973.

So the questions here are:

  • Why are these snowcat tours happening?
  • Is BC Parks aware of them?
  • Is a permit in place for commercial snowcat tours?
  • Has an Environmental Assesment been done?
  • Have the public been consulted?
  • Why are the wishes of major environmental groups being ignored, either by Sunshine Village or BC Parks or both?
  • If this commercial operation is permitted, what will happen next?  Will we be looking at snow-cat skiing on Quartz Ridge in the future?

The current Park Management Plan has been in effect since 1989.  The draft process has been in place since 2006.  Clearly it’s time this process was concluded and tightened up.

Sunshine Village Watch is making inquiries with BC Parks, the BC Wildlife Federation, the BC Federation of Naturalists and the Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society (CPAWS).  We intend to obtain copies of the actual permits currently issued to Sunshine Village and post them on this site.  Please subscribe to this blog to be informed of future updates on this issue.

In the meantime interested persons can obtain more information or make their views known by contacting the BC Environment regional office as follows:

Environmental Stewardship Division (ESD)/ Parks and Protected Area Division (PPAD)
205 Industrial Rd. G
Cranbrook,B.C. V1C 7G5
Phone: (250) 489-8540

or by contacting the BC Ministry of Environment

Enquiries regarding Sunshine’s position may be submitted to:
Ken Derpak
VP, Operations & General Manager
Sunshine Village Corporation
P.O. Box 1510
Banff, AB
T1L 1J5
Ph: (403) 762-6500
Email: kderpak@skibanff.com